You might hear dozens of new scientific words and terms each time you happen to meet your doctor. Don’t worry. They are not as complicated as they sound to you.

Terms related to Fertility and Pregnancy

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There are 8 names in this directory beginning with the letter P.
Pap smear
A routine medical test to check for abnormalities in the cells of a woman's cervix. A pap smear is usually performed at the first prenatal visit.
Pelvic floor
The sling of muscles that holds the pelvic organs in place.
Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)
Inflammation of the uterus, fallopian tubes, and ovaries due to infection; a cause of infertility in some women.
Placenta
The structure through which the fetus receives nourishment and oxygen during gestation.
Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)
A common hormonal condition in which an imbalance in the sex hormones may cause menstrual abnormalities, skin and hair changes, obesity, infertility and other long-term health problems. The name comes from the multiple small cysts which line the ovaries of most women with the disorder. This condition is often associated with infertility.
Postcoital Test
A standard fertility test in which a sample of cervical mucus is taken after intercourse to check the number and behavior of the sperm.
Pre-eclampsia
A disorder of pregnancy characterized by high blood pressure, edema, and kidney malfunction. Elevated blood pressure in the last half of pregnancy accompanied by swelling of face, hands, and feet, and protein in the urine.
Premature Ovarian Failure
A condition in which a woman enters menopause before age 40 as a result of the ovaries ceasing ovulation and the production of estrogen.