You might hear dozens of new scientific words and terms each time you happen to meet your doctor. Don’t worry. They are not as complicated as they sound to you.

Terms related to Fertility and Pregnancy

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There are 17 names in this directory beginning with the letter A.
Abortion
The termination of a pregnancy through the expulsion of the fetus from the uterus.
Agglutination
When sperm clump together.
Albumin
A protein which if found in the urine of a pregnant woman can be a sign of preeclampsia.
Alpha fetoprotein
A substance produced by the fetus. High levels in a mother's blood can indicate a neural tube defect or multiple pregnancy.
Amenorrhea
A condition in which a woman doesn't have menstrual periods.
Amino acid
A building block of protein which is used by the body to build muscle and other tissue.
Amniocentesis
A prenatal test in which a small amount of amniotic fluid is removed for analysis.
Amniotic fluid
The fluid that surrounds a developing fetus.
Amniotic sac
The bag in which the fetus and amniotic fluid are contained during pregnancy.
Anal fissures
Cracks in the anus that can cause bleeding. Anal fissures can be accompanied by hemorrhoids or appear independently. Constipation causes and/or compounds them.
Anemia
A decrease in the number of red blood cells, usually due to a shortage of iron. The condition, detected through a blood test, causes such symptoms as fatigue, weakness, breathlessness, or fainting spells. Eating a diet rich in iron and taking an iron supplement during the second half of pregnancy is crucial to keep up with the increased need for red blood cells.
Anesthesia
Medically induced loss of sensation. General anesthesia involves the entire body; local anesthesia involves only a particular area.
Anovulation
A condition in which a woman doesn't ovulate or ovulates rarely.
Apnea
A temporary involuntary cessation of breathing.
Artificial Insemination
The general name for the procedure in which sperm are inserted directly into a woman's cervix, fallopian tubes, or uterus.
Assisted Reproduction Technology (ART)
The general term for infertility procedures (involving both egg and sperm) such as IVF, GIFT, ZIFT, and ICSI.
Azoospermia
When a man has no sperm present in his semen.